There is much for the world to learn from the experiences of Bangladesh. The ever-increasing contribution of women is clearly evident in every spheres of the society. Their increasing active participation in all sectors ranging from agriculture to politics has made great impact to the national development. The Constitution of Bangladesh also grants equal rights to women and men in all spheres of public life [Article28 1 and 28 3 ].
Many women in Bangladesh are forced to deal with harassment and un-warranted attention, just because they are women.
Women are vulnerable to the harassment as they lack in power and self confidence, and are socialized that they are to suffer in silence. This Article is concerning the laws of sexual harassment in Bangladesh. The main purpose of it is to show the extend of legal measures available on sexual harassment in the country and the initiatives taken by the Government to combat it.
In the article, an overview has been given on what we understand by sexual harassment and its effect, the international laws on sexual harassment, Bangladesh laws on sexual harassment and the opinions expressed by the Special Rapporteur on violence against women. It is the beginning of a new year with lots of hopes and wishes.
However, the joyous moment of Bengali New Year of was tainted by violence against women, i. It sparked widespread public outrage on the streets and social media platforms. They mostly blamed the police for inaction and the Dhaka University authorities for mismanagement during the programmes.
Witnesses to the incident said that although the law enforcers were stationed only some 18 metres from the spot, they did nothing to rescue the women or arrest those who launched the sexual assaults.
Three students of the university were even hurt while trying to save the victims. The assaults took place within less than two months after three-four women were sexually harassed in public near the entrance of Suhrawardy Udyan at the TSC intersection during the Amar Ekushey Book Fair.
These incidents show the discrimination and inequality against women that is prevalent in Bangladesh. An overwhelming majority of women who have stepped outside their homes in pursuit of education and livelihood have encountered some level of sexual harassment in this country.
Sexual harassment is a form of gender discrimination. Men may be subjected to sexual harassment but majority of the victims are women. Many sexually harassed individuals put up with damaging physical and pshycological effects of sexual harassment because taking action can be daunting, especially in environments that do not provide moral and practical support.
In response to the growing awareness about the adverse impacts of sexual harassment, there have been increasing efforts around the world not only to break the silence on sexual harassment but also to take pro-active steps in addressing it.
Explicit recognition and protection against acts of sexual harassment is very essential in this day and age. The purpose of this Article is to show theextend of legal measures available on sexual harassment in Bangladesh. InCatherine MacKinnon, a legal scholar from the United States, made the first argument that sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination prohibited by the constitution and civil rights laws of the United States.
Since then many international bodies, national legislatures and courts have prohibited sexual harassment but have not agreed on a universal definition of the term.
Sexually harassing conduct causes devastating physical and psychological injuries to a large percentage of women around the world.
The reactions frequently reported by women include anxiety, depression, sleep disturbance, weight loss or gain, loss of appetite, and headaches. Researchers have also found that there is a link between sexual harassment and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. The treaty came into force and closed for signature on September 3, with the ratification of 20 states.
CEDAW is often described as an international bill of rights for women. State parties undertake to adopt all necessary measures at the national level aimed at achieving the full realization of the rights recognized in the Convention. Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women: It contributed to the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women.
It defines violence against women as any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.
The Declaration states three categories of violence against women: According to the Declaration, violence against women is rooted in the historically unequal power relations between women and men.
The Beijing Platform for Action identifies specific actions for Governments to take to prevent and respond to violence against women and girls.A quiet revolution: Women in Bangladesh Women in Bangladesh have made major strides over the past decades, putting the South Asian country at the forefront among the least-developed countries in addressing gender disparity.
Women’s role and status in Bangladesh agriculture: HDRC 4 Variables Data and information were obtained on the following group of variables: x Patterns of ownership/asserts owned.
x Occupational status. x Demographic status. x Income and expenditure. x Time spend in the field. x Time spend in household agriculture.
Orientation Identification. "Bangladesh" is a combination of the Bengali words, Bangla and Desh, meaning the country or land where the Bangla language is . Women’s participation in the workplace, leadership role in the political and social arenas and access to credit can be regarded as empowerment of women.[i] Women empowerment is the reflection of gender equality which is the precursor to moving the country forward, towards middle income status, towar.
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In the Grameen Bank of Bangladesh won the Nobel Peace Prize for its innovative microfinancing operations. This path-breaking study of gender. The fifty-seventh session of the Commission on the Status of Women took place at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 4 to 15 March Report on the fifty-seventh session of the.