It refers to Postscript. This is an afterthought coming to your mind after the completion and signing of a letter. Position of PS Once you know what does PS mean in a letter, it is important to know the position of PS, where it must appear in a letter.
Massage Science and Mythology The trouble with studying massage Massage can be studied: Do people who are sick or broken get better when massaged? Moyer is a psychologist and a rare example of a real scientist — someone trained and expert in research methodology — who has chosen to focus on massage therapy: I have been talking about this error for years, and have even published a paper on it.
I critiqued a single example of it, and then discussed how the problem was rampant in massage therapy research. Knowing the difference between a within-group result and a between-groups result is basic stuff.
There is so much uncertainty that it is fair and reasonable to ask if we can really say much of anything about massage based on such incomplete and imperfect evidence. We can, in fact, but it all must be done with our eyes wide open and a lot of qualifiers and hedging of bets. Research in the massage therapy field is still in infancy partly due to a lack of research infrastructure and a research tradition.
The result is that most registered massage therapists are not accustomed to reading, analyzing, conducting, writing case studies or applying research in their own practice. I discuss both of these in detail in their own sections below. For instance, there are a few scraps of evidence — not nearly enough, but better than nothing — that rubbing and stretching soft tissue can reduce joint pain and stiffness.
For instance, basic research has shown that touch is neurologically complex and probably has many physiological effects. Skin is fantastically rich in nerve endings — aboutper square centimetre. Sadly, there is an absence of useful evidence on the topic.
Another interesting indirect example: And indeed a study of simple, static stretching showed a clear, good effect on heart rate regulation 13 — just from pulling on muscles, which may not be very different from pushing on them. While many benefits of massage are still disconcertingly uncertain and hotly debated by somethere are two truly proven ones.
Massage researcher and psychologist Dr. Christopher A Moyer Perhaps one of the reasons massage reduces depression and anxiety: While not proven as well as you might think, it is a pretty safe bet, 15 and the idea is further supported by evidence that massage therapy may reduces blood pressure 16 17 and helps people to sleep, even when they are under the unusual stresses of hospital care.
Relaxation is an important component of wellness and pain management, and I do not underestimate its value, but it is hardly curative.
And, as many critics have pointed out, massage is a super expensive way to relax. On average, professional massage therapists charge about a buck a minute — vastly more than millions of people can afford on a regular basis.
This economic perspective is often completely ignored in discussions of whether or not massage works. It probably does … but does it work well enough for the price? A nap is also quite relaxing, and a lot cheaper. If massage is to be considered a more cost-effective treatment for any medical problem than napping, we really must establish that it does more — quite a lot more — than just mellow people out.
Massage is a super expensive way to relax. On average, professional massage therapists charge about a buck a minute.
Many studies done by the Touch Research Institute 19 — although almost certainly of generally low quality and strongly biased in favour of massage 20 — show many other broadly defined modest benefits to massage therapy in many circumstances — everything from rheumatoid bad arthritis 21 to cancer 22 to autism.
The majority of these manual therapies are nearly untouched by science. Many are dubious and obscure, while others are quite familiar and mainstream. Some of them may well be effective for certain things, but the overall usefulness of this mish-mash of techniques ishard to know. Inmy wife is recovered from serious injuries she got in a car accident, including a spinal fracture.
Guess what exercises she has to do? Early mobilization and range of motion exercises! This is just mainstream, standard post-injury care.
If a massage therapist prescribes it, does that make it massage therapy? Is massage therapy is working for that patient? In a sense, yes … Early mobilization and range of motion exercisesfor instance, will be taught by competent massage therapists to clients with cervical injuries, because they help people get better faster.
Lymphatic drainage is an interesting example of a specific massage technique, allegedly good for one thing and not much else:A Brief Summary of Common Image File Formats For a introduction to reading and writing image formats see Image File timberdesignmag.com a list of all the ImageMagick file formats are given on the IM Image Formats Page..
Here is a very quick summary of the most common 'normal' image file formats, as well as their general advantages and disadvantages. Does massage therapy “work”?
What do massage therapists say that they can do for people and their pain, and is there any scientific evidence to support those claims?
Massage is a popular treatment for low back pain, neck pain, and tension headaches — can it actually treat them, or does it just. A postscript is a brief message appended to the end of a letter (following the signature) or other text.
A postscript is usually introduced by the letters P.S. In certain types of business letters (in particular, sales promotion letters), postscripts are commonly used to make a final persuasive. Sign the letter. At the end of the letter, sign your name.
Enter the P.S. Directly below the signature, enter the letters P.S. Then, write the additional information. Keep the postscript short.
A P.S. should only be a sentence or two. Anything longer should be . Know how to write a letter, whether it is business or personal, is a skill everyone needs. Following is information on the proper format of business letters, a cover letter for your resume and tips on writing personal letters.
Mar 19, · Stands for Postscript (from post scriptum, a Latin expression meaning "after writing" and abbreviated P.S.) It is a sentence, paragraph, or occasionally many paragraphs added, often hastily and incidentally, after the signature of a timberdesignmag.com: Resolved.