The role and types of veterinarians

Abstract Veterinarians have a key role in providing medical care for sports horses during and between competitions, but the standard client:

The role and types of veterinarians

Veterinarians provide medical care to animals, just as medical doctors do for humans. Their training process is also similar, consisting of a four-year undergraduate degree and a four-year doctorate.

Veterinarians can also choose to specialize, completing internships or two to four years of supervised residency to gain experience in a narrower area of practice. Several career paths are open to veterinarians. Private Practice Many veterinarians work in private practice, either as sole practitioners or as part of a larger group practice.

There are three major types of practice, and vets might specialize in any one or more of the three. Companion animal veterinarians work primarily with household pets, such as dogs or cats. Equine vets focus on the care and treatment of horses, while farm-animal practices provide care to cattle, hogs, poultry and other animals raised commercially.

Specialists Like doctors who treat humans, some veterinarians are general practitioners and some choose to specialize. Many of these specialties correspond directly to specialties chosen by physicians.

For example, veterinary ophthalmologists diagnose and treat eye diseases and impaired vision in animals. Orthopedic veterinarians treat injuries and conditions of the spine and musculoskeletal system, including the major joints.

Other veterinarians might choose to specialize in the treatment of animal populations with distinctly different needs, such as wild animal care or marine animal care. Research Veterinarians and Veterinary Epidemiologists Diseases in animals can have significant consequences for humans as well.

Losing a pet is emotionally stressful, but an outbreak affecting one of the major food species can bankrupt farmers or damage the entire food industry. Worse, some diseases are zoonotic, meaning they can spread from animals to humans. Research veterinarians investigate the causes of animal diseases and congenital medical conditions, while veterinary epidemiologists study the mechanisms of disease transmission.

Both can find well-paying careers in private industry or in government service.


Education One of the most crucial roles in any skilled profession is education, passing along a body of detailed knowledge to a new generation of practitioners. The Association of American Veterinary colleges notes on its website that up to 40 percent of current veterinary college and training hospital faculty could retire within the next decade, creating a major shortage in the field.

With only 28 colleges of veterinary medicine in the United States, and with many more applicants than program spaces, the profession can ill afford any reduction in its training capacity.

The role and types of veterinarians

Bureau of Labor Statistics. In79, people were employed in the U.Large animal veterinarians are practitioners that manage the health of livestock species such as cattle, horses, sheep, goats, and pigs. These are licensed animal health professionals trained to diagnose and treat illnesses that affect livestock species.

ARMY VETERINARY MEDICINE ARMY VETERINARIAN JOBS & CAREERS. The animals under your care as an officer in the Army Veterinary Corps could be government servants. A veterinary specialist is a veterinarian who has completed additional training in a specific area of veterinary medicine and has passed an examination that evaluates their knowledge and skills in .


The Roles of Veterinarians What made you passionate about veterinary medicine? What made you want to become a veterinarian? For most of us, our love of the profession probably started with our encounters with our hometown veterinarians - the first time you brought your new puppy or kitten in for its first physical exam, talking with the vet.

Workforce Needs in Veterinary Medicine. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / It employs more than 60 veterinarians who serve in multiple roles, but in contrast to the animal health division, very few hold positions in business support-related roles.

Dec 06,  · Large animal veterinarians play an important role in protecting human and animal health by keeping food animals healthy, and therefore helping to maintain the safety of our food supply.

The Roles of Veterinarians - Texas A&M Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences