Freud begins to analyze dreams in order to understand aspects of personality as they relate to pathology. However, these urges and impulses must be released in some way; they have a way of coming to the surface in disguised forms.
Click here for more information on defense mechanisms. In many cases, the result was some form of neurotic illness. Freud sought to understand the nature and variety of these illnesses by retracing the sexual history of his patients. This was not primarily an investigation of sexual experiences as such.
Freud believed that children are born with a libido — a sexual pleasure urge. This particular theory shows how adult personality is determined by childhood experiences.
Dreams perform important functions for the unconscious mind and serve as valuable clues to how the unconscious mind operates. On 24 JulyFreud had his own dream that was to form the basis of his theory.
He had been worried about a patient, Irma, who was not doing as well in treatment as he had hoped. Freud, in fact, blamed himself for this, and was feeling guilty. Freud dreamed that he met Irma at a party and examined her.
He then saw a chemical formula for a drug that another doctor had given Irma flash before his eyes and realized that her condition was caused by a dirty syringe used by the other doctor. Freud interpreted this dream as wish-fulfillment. Based on this dream, Freud went on to propose that a major function of dreams was the fulfillment of wishes.
Freud distinguished between the manifest content of a dream what the dreamer remembers and the latent content, the symbolic meaning of the dream i. The manifest content is often based on the events of the day. The process whereby the underlying wish is translated into the manifest content is called dreamwork.
The purpose of dreamwork is to transform the forbidden wish into a non-threatening form, thus reducing anxiety and allowing us to continue sleeping. Dreamwork involves the process of condensation, displacement, and secondary elaboration. Displacement takes place when we transform the person or object we are really concerned about to someone else.
Freud interpreted this as representing his wish to kill his sister-in-law. If the patient would have really dreamed of killing his sister-in-law, he would have felt guilty.
The unconscious mind transformed her into a dog to protect him. Secondary elaboration occurs when the unconscious mind strings together wish-fulfilling images in a logical order of events, further obscuring the latent content.
According to Freud, this is why the manifest content of dreams can be in the form of believable events. Some of these were sexual in nature, including poles, guns, and swords representing the penis and horse riding and dancing representing sexual intercourse.
However, Freud was cautious about symbols and stated that general symbols are more personal rather than universal. At the beginning ofthe committee had 22 members and renamed themselves the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society.
For example, the unconscious mind is difficult to test and measure objectively.
Such empirical findings have demonstrated the role of unconscious processes in human behavior. He mostly studied himself, his patients and only one child e.
The main problem here is that the case studies are based on studying one person in detail, and with reference to Freud, the individuals in question are most often middle-aged women from Vienna i.
This makes generalizations to the wider population e.
However, Freud thought this unimportant, believing in only a qualitative difference between people. Freud may also have shown research bias in his interpretations - he may have only paid attention to information which supported his theories, and ignored information and other explanations that did not fit them.The purpose of the paper will be to show the principals of Freud’s dream related theory that focuses on the physiology, interpretation, and psychology of dreams and to explain concepts such as latent and manifest content of dreams, the part of unconscious process, and the nature of dreams role in the determination of dream content.
Freud’s Theory on Dreams We as humans are an incredible species. We continue to evolve and create new inventions as time goes on. However, there are some very important tasks we must do on a daily basis if we are to do these extraordinary things at our best.
Is has been proven that we all require sleep to function at our highest. It is the most well known – and perhaps infamous – theory of dreams in the Western world. At the turn of last century, Sigmund Freud published his book, The Interpretation of Dreams, arguing. Some other important Freudian theories include his concepts of the life and death instincts, the theory of psychosexual development, and the mechanisms of defense.
Freud and Psychoanalysis His ideas had such a strong impact on psychology that an entire school of thought emerged from his work. Sigmund Freud emphasized the importance of the unconscious mind, and a primary assumption of Freudian theory is that the unconscious mind governs behavior to a greater degree than people suspect.
Indeed, the goal of psychoanalysis is to make the unconscious conscious. Jan 30, · Evidence for and against Freud's theory of the basic function of dreaming Fabian Guénolé, 1, 2, * Geoffrey Marcaggi, 3 and Jean-Marc Baleyte 1, 2, 4 1 Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Caen University Hospital, Caen, France.