This page describes research into electrical on-board dry i.
In this section we look at the envisaged publics of a public database. Reports suggest that "a properly designed country-by-country reporting regime would be a much needed weapon for tax authorities which at present suffer from information asymmetry in the tax avoidance battle with MNEs" Ting, But while the OECD proposals mainly focus on facilitating automatic information exchange between tax authorities, we are interested in who else could use and benefit from having access to a more comprehensive picture of the tax contributions and economic activities of multinational companies, beyond tax authorities, audit firms and the multinationals themselves.
A public database Prototype research paper represent a shift beyond a narrow conception of accounting for the activities of multinationals as a Prototype research paper activity for professional specialists, and towards a vision which sees a broader range of actors involved in witnessing the tax arrangements of multinationals and engaging in a range of activities to hold them to account.
In order to better understand the prospective users and scenarios of use of a public database, we solicited for input in the form of "user stories" from a network of people and organisations associated with the Open Data for Tax Justice initiative.
User stories are widely used as a technique to gather user requirements for agile software development Cohn, An initial set of user stories were created by a group at a participatory design workshop in Oxford in Octoberand refined and developed with further input received online in response to a public call and outreach to prospective users.
These user stories, questions and analytical requirements are intended to serve as input to subsequent design and development activities, and to evaluate the opportunities and limitations of a database assembled through the repurposing of existing sources of public information.
We are reproducing them below in order to illustrate the range of envisaged publics and interests around a future database. List of potential questions and queries from citizens and civil society organisations: Who is in my country? What do they do here? How many people do they employ?
Do multinational companies make profits in my country?
If so, do they pay tax? How much has a multinational got invested in my country? Which companies are avoiding tax in my country? How is my country facilitating tax avoidance? What are the addresses of subsidiaries of a given corporate group?
Will I be able to compare different companies within a sector across all countries consistently? How much profit is declared by mining and petroleum companies in countries where resources are extracted?
By tapping into billions of years of research and development, innovative companies are abstracting strategies from the natural world and developing truly transformative technologies. Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. Click Go. Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name. Send questions or comments to doi. Funding for research is crucial in order to keep up-to-date with the rapid changes that enable revolutionary discoveries to be made. New York University is among the nation's premier institutions for research. Opportunities for internal University funding may be accessed on this page, and additional.
And so that I have a place to collect information on companies for which CBCR reports are not yet available. List of potential questions and queries from journalists and media organisations: What companies does a corporate group own within a country? Who owns a given company?
What does a group do in a country? What are the profits per employee in a given country? What are the sales per employee in a given country? How do profits per employee vary across countries? How do sales per employee vary across countries? How do rates of profit per employee vary over time and across countries?
How do rates of sales per employee vary over time and across countries? List of potential questions and queries from researchers and academics: What are the drivers of international trade and investment structures? What is the relationship between the "real" and paper global economy?
Is there base erosion and profit shifting? What role do low tax jurisdictions have to play in a group? What is the cost of tax havens to society? Are there patterns of behaviour that appear to be repeated between corporate groups and what do they imply?
Is there evidence that the behaviour of a corporate group might be impacted by the advisers that it engages? Why have groups changed their behaviour? List of potential questions and queries from companies and investors: What are the effective tax rates in a given sector in different countries?
Do the outputs make sense when benchmarked against past performance?Ground Rules in Team Projects ther, students are learning about team working at the same time as consolidating their learning about the .
White Paper WHP Scalable media delivery on the Web with HTTP Server Push. Lucas Pardue. A prototype that combines Server Push and Service Worker to power a novel MPEG-DASH video streaming Web.
Hi, I found your site while looking for casting. Lots of good stuff but not quite what I need. I have a design, lets say I invented the game knucklebones and need to make the bones for the game. Funding for research is crucial in order to keep up-to-date with the rapid changes that enable revolutionary discoveries to be made.
New York University is among the nation's premier institutions for research. Opportunities for internal University funding may be accessed on this page, and additional.
My goal with this article is to show the wide range of options available. There are tradeoffs – particularly time vs money. Consider your skills and keep in mind that there is no single prototyping method that is the “right” solution for all models.
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