Paper clip

Paper clip Assorted paperclip shapes, sizes and designs Paper clips usually have an oblong shape with straight sides, but may also be triangular or circular, or have more elaborate shapes.

Paper clip

Consider the humble paper clip: For centuries, straight pins, string and other materials were used as fasteners, but they punctured or damaged the papers. While the paper clip seems like such an obvious solution, its success had to wait for the invention of steel wire, which was "elastic" enough to be stretched, bent and twisted.

The first paper clip was invented in by Samuel Fay. The patent 64, was issued on April 23, for a Ticket Fastener.

Paper clip - Wikipedia

Fay specified in the description that in addition to attaching tickets to garments it could be used to hold papers together. Fay's design along with the 50 other designs patented prior to are not even close to the modern design we know today.

Paper clip

But the modern paper clip existed on paper as early as April 27, It appears on a patentissued November 9, to William D. Middlebrook of Waterbury, Connecticut.


Middlebrook invented not just the paper clip but he also invented a machine to produce the paper clip. The patent drawings clearly show the final product, the common paper clip. In his description he makes reference that both the machine and the paper clip design are to be covered by the patent.

Cushman and Denison a manufacturing company already in the paper clip and office supply buisness purchased the Middlebrook patent in Bythe Gem brand rose to prominence as the perfect paper clip that "will hold securely your letters, documents, or memoranda without perforation or mutilation until you wish to release them.

Over the years, many different inventors have been credited with the invention of the paper clip. First because so many patents were issued and second because their are so many design possibilities.

One of the most prolific inventors was George McGill who patent under his name or in conjunction with other inventors over 15 different designs from to His patenteven shows a design that looks like Middlebrook's.

Paper clip - Wikipedia

But the inventor who is named the most often as the inventor is Johan Vaaler. He properly is named most often because the story surrounding his paper clip makes for good reading.

In a Norwegian named Johan Vaaler, patented the paper clip in Germany because Norway had no patent law at the time.

Vaaler's device received an American patentin Vaaler's American patent drawing shows several kinds of paper clips, from square to triangular to one that looks a lot like the elliptical ones in wide use today. But the wire does not form the familiar loop within a loop.

However Vaaler did nothing with his invention. Norwegians have proudly embraced their countryman, Johan Vaaler, as the true inventor.President Obama introduced the American Jobs Act yesterday at the White House, clutching a print-out bound by a paper (or binder, fine) clip.

Can you even believe that he would use a clip like that? Young Camille takes out a paper clip and is about to slice into the woman's hand — emily yahr,, "'Sharp Objects' premiere features one major difference from Gillian Flynn's novel," 9 July Implementing PaperClip Incorporated yields dramatic results.

Paper clip

Eliminates paper costs, including copying, faxing, shipping and archiving. Puts an end to lost, misfiled, or misrouted documents. A paper clip (or sometimes paperclip) is a piece of plastic or metal that is used to hold pieces of paper together.

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Paper Clip History - Invention of the Paper Clip