It is not intended to be exhaustive. Rather, I have tried to document richly a few cases in which I have observed journalists grappling with hegemony, and experimenting with new practices.
I Why bother about genre? It is motivated by the fact that genre concepts and genre thinking seem to be indispens- able in critical practice, in teaching as well as in research, even though theoretical and methodological problems arise again and again. Genre terms are frequently used, concepts of genre are habitually referred to, and questions of genre are continually posed; at the same time, problems of mean- ing, reference, and demarcation of genre are embarrassing, the function of genre is dis- puted, and the very phenomenon of genre is called into question.
In Encyclopaedia of Contemporary Liter- ary TheoryFrans de Bruyn describes modern genre research as a Babel of theo- ries, designations, and concepts: Despite its long and impressive historical pedigree, the theory of genres is anything but a settled branch of criticism.
Beneath this bewil- dering variety of approaches, however, lurk a number of persistent questions. Genre thinking is apparently necessary: Like the conference, the book Introduction Genre kap 1 v4 Important aims and tasks are the following: These normative con- ceptions of ideal, timeless, and unchanging forms of literature were gradually found to be unhistorical and incompatible with the existing body of literature.
Just as unac- ceptable became the associated Classicist demands of purity of genre. Finally, genre concepts and genre thinking today are con- sidered to have other, more fundamental functions than just classifying texts.
Goethe and the Romanticists abandoned the demands for the purity of genre, but Goethe nevertheless introduced the idea of Naturformen, i. Counter-reac- tions were bound to come, and some early modern theorists, like Benedetto Crocewent so far as to deny the value of genre concepts altogether, arguing for the impossibility to classify a unique work of art Wellek— Lately, some post-modernist theorists have been on a similar track, arguing that most works are hybrids without borders DerridaCohen But even so, leading theorists today seem to agree upon the heuristic and practical value of genre concepts and generic thinking.
This problem gives rise to a paradox: For historical approaches to genre, this means that the generic norm on which the genre-historical discourse is supposed to be based will not be available until after the historical study—i. By introducing the distinction between theoretical and historical genres, Tzvetan Todorov tried to tackle this problem, yet without solving it Todorovchap.Material about Israel is "replete with themes central to the creed of American liberalism: humanitarian and social justice, modernism, progress, support for the underdog .
"60 This example from a text written during the s harks back to the arguments that Louis D. Brandeis, soon to be named to the U.S.
In addition to themes such as corruption and oppression, Vargas Llosa's second novel, The Green House, explores "a denunciation of Peru's basic institutions", dealing with issues of abuse and exploitation of the workers in the brothel by corrupt military officers.
As a son is bound by filial piety, so shall or ought the individual be bound by piety towards the universal This definition of the individual's obedience and responsibility as filial bond with the father recalls the biblical paradigms of Job, Abraham, and of course the Christian Son of God.
Meditations: A New Translation by Marcus Aurelius; Striking Thoughts: Bruce Lee’s Wisdom for Daily Living (Bruce Lee Library) by Bruce Lee; Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind.
Gordimer's new novel, about a colored South African family ravaged by the father's affair with a white human rights advocate, probes with breathtaking power and precision the complexities of ``love, love/hate,'' and the interplay of public and private reality.
The Conservationist is Nadine Gordimer's most intense, and certainly most poetic, novel. Its meticulous details and documentary exactitude combine to create an elaborate web of meanings where each object detailed or evoked carries symbolic implications for the society that South Africa was at the time of the novel's publication, and which forty /5.