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Download this article Introduction The mental status of the defendant has long been an issue of interest for legal professionals. Most states have some kind of insanity plea i.
Regardless of how states develop their standards for the NGRI plea, most have similar outcomes: However, the question remains, what if a defendant does not meet criteria for the NGRI plea, but was clearly mentally ill at the time of the offense?
While the GBMI plea has received growing press coverage, it is still only available in a minority of states just over 20 states at the time of this writing. The increase in press on the GBMI option has largely been in response to highly publicized acquittals based on NGRI verdicts even though these acquittals are somewhat uncommon 2.
Because defendants who meet both of these criteria often opt for the NGRI plea, the GBMI plea is typically reserved for those who only meet one criterion. Controversy surrounds the GBMI plea.
Critics claim that juries are under the impression that the defendant found GBMI receives specialized treatment. In fact, these defendants are sent to the same correction centers as other defendants found guilty of crimes.
Most critics rally for the explanation of this fact to juries before they deliberate. Critics further argue that with the over burdened mental health services in prisons today, the odds of GBMI inmates actually receiving any specialized mental health care is very low3.
They claim this is true because inmates who were found guilty but mentally ill are held accountable for their crimes even after they are restored to mental health, unlike individuals who were successful with the NGRI plea4.
In recent years, literature has shown that when given the GBMI option, mock jurors are more likely to select that alternative rather than a straight guilty or NGRI verdict5. The authors of this annotated bibliography utilized a rating system ranging from 1 to 5. GBMI pleas or an area within these topics such as juror probability of endorsing these pleas.
The audience that would benefit most from each article is mentioned in each annotation. Annotated Bibliography Callahan, L. The authors, a professor and researcher from Russell Sage College, and researchers from Policy Research Associates in New York, examine the effects of the guilty but mentally ill GBMI legislation on the use of the insanity defense in Georgia.
The authors begin by presenting information on the background of the GBMI verdict, the debates surrounding the verdict, and how GBMI has affects the use of the "insanity verdict.
They conclude, in contrast to prior research, that GBMI decreases the likelihood of an insanity verdict. They also find that defendants that receive the verdict of GBMI are typically white males with a serious mental disorder, charged with murder or robbery, in which an unrelated female victim is involved.
Lastly, the results suggest that individuals who receive a verdict of GBMI receive a harsher sentence than someone who plead guilty, making the GBMI plea a less appealing option. This article is useful for someone who is interested in the history of GBMI, and the sentencing differences between someone who received a verdict of guilty verses GBMI.
Forensic Assessments and Instruments. The authors first explain what is needed to establish that one is guilty of a crime. The authors discuss the history, intent and differences of GBMI as well as the impact it has had on the legal system.
A crime of insanity. As part of the popular television series, Frontline examines the case of Ralph Tortorici, a man with clear mental illness who was convicted of a violent crime. The episode provides information regarding this specific case and uses the highly publicized case as a means to examine the current insanity pleas.
The episode examines issues regarding the mentally ill in jail, and the current state of insanity pleas including statistics of how often the pleas are used, and so on. This educational series presents the information in an engaging manner while still providing a vast overview of the background of the insanity defense, past issues, and emerging topics within the insanity pleas.
This episode is helpful for an individual seeking a general overview of the topic. The role of evidence, attitudes, and verdict options. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 12 3 The authors, researchers from major universities in North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, examine the role of evidence, juror attitudes, and possible verdict options presented to jurors in insanity defense selections.BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.
Fresno Pacific University (FPU) is a Christian university in Fresno, timberdesignmag.com was founded as the Pacific Bible Institute in by the Pacific District Conference of Mennonite Brethren timberdesignmag.com university awarded its first Bachelor of Arts degree in The first master's degree program was introduced in Introduction.
This handout will give suggestions of how to write annotated bibliographies. Individual instructors may give instructions which vary from these examples.
Summary: MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. Introduction. This handout will give suggestions of how to write annotated bibliographies.
Individual instructors may give instructions . The Ultimate Unabridged Annotated Bibliographies Guide. If you have just received an assignment that requires an MLA annotated bibliography, you may be wondering where to start.