Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine is a medication most known for its original purpose of treating or preventing malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. It is most often prescribed to patients who try and fail biologic DMARDs biologic DMARDs, also known as biologics, are medications made up of living matter such as human cells, bacteria and yeastcannot tolerate biologics, or for those who fear trying the newer biologic DMARDs. This blog will focus on Plaquenil use in lupus and RA patients rather than its applications for malaria. Back to top Other than Plaquenil, what are the other antimalarial drugs?
This results in symptoms such as inflammation, swelling, and damage to joints, skin, kidneys, blood, the heart, and lungs. Lupus makes the immune system unable to differentiate between antigens a substance capable of inducing a specific immune response and healthy tissue.
This leads the immune system to direct antibodies against the healthy tissue - not just antigens - causing swelling, pain, and tissue damage.
Any part of the body can be affected by lupus as it has an array of clinical manifestations affecting the skin, joints, brain, lungs, kidneys, blood vessels and other internal organs. Should you be interested in the latest scientific research on lupus, please see our lupus news section. History of lupus facts on lupus Here are some key points about lupus.
More detail and supporting information is in the main article. It can be mild or life threatening. Lupus is not contagious. The type that we refer to simply as lupus is known as systemic lupus erythematosus or SLE.
Other types of lupus include discoid cutaneousHistory of lupus, and neonatal. According to the Lupus Foundation of America, 1.
It is also said that 5 million people worldwide suffer from some form of Lupus. Lupus is most common between the ages of Most Doctors believe that lupus results from both genetic and environmental stimuli. Risk factors include exposure to sunlight, certain prescription medications, infection with Epstein-Barr virus, and exposure to certain chemicals.
Environmental factors include extreme stress, exposure to ultraviolet light, smoking, some medications and antibiotics, infections and the Epstein-Barr virus in children. Although there is no cure, lupus and its symptoms can be controlled with medication.
Treatments for Lupus include corticosteroids, immunosuppressive drugs and lifestyle changes. Types of lupus Several different kinds of lupus have been identified, but the type that we refer to simply as lupus is known as systemic lupus erythematosus or SLE.
Other types include discoid cutaneousdrug-induced, and neonatal. It is characterized by a rash that appears on the face, neck, and scalp, and it does not affect internal organs. This type of lupus is also often characterized by periods of flare when the disease is active and periods of remission when the disease is dormant.
Drug-induced lupus is caused by a reaction with certain prescription drugs and causes symptoms very similar to SLE. The drugs most commonly associated with this form of lupus are a hypertension medication called hydralazine and a heart arrhythmia medication called procainamide, but there are some other drugs that can also cause the condition.
Drug-induced lupus is known to subside after the patient stops taking the triggering medication. A rare condition, neonatal lupus occurs when a mother passes autoantibodies to a fetus. The unborn and newborn child can have skin rashes and other complications with the heart and blood.
You can learn more about the different types of lupus on our types of lupus page.
The normal function of the immune system is to protect and fight off viruses, bacteria and germs by producing proteins called antibodies that are produced by white blood cells B lymphocytes.
With lupus, the immune system malfunctions and cannot distinguish between foreign invaders and healthy tissue.
This is why some organs can be attacked during a flare-up while others are not. Lupus is a disease of flare-ups and remissions. Symptoms of the chronic condition can exacerbate, making the patient feel ill, before a period of symptom improvement occurs. You can read more about the symptoms of lupus on our lupus symptoms page.
Lupus gained more attention from the public in after singer Selena Gomez announced she had been diagnosed with the condition in her late teens and underwent treatment for the disease.
We discussed all of this in our October feature, Lupus: Follow us to the next page where we look at the causes of lupus.Personal history of other diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue Billable/Specific Code POA Exempt Z is a billable/specific ICDCM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes.
The History of Lupus, the Disease with Faces. Selena, as well as celebrity chameleon Lady Gaga, Grammy winning singer Toni Braxton, TV host and entrepreneur Nick Cannon, and Olympic gold medalist Shannon Boxx, plus million other Americans, have been diagnosed with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE).
Lupus can cause serious kidney damage, and kidney failure is one of the leading causes of death among people with lupus. Brain and central nervous system. If your brain is affected by lupus, you may experience headaches, dizziness, behavior changes, vision problems, and even strokes or seizures. Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks normal, healthy tissue.
This results in symptoms such as inflammation, swelling, and damage. The history of lupus can be divided into three periods: classical, neoclassical, and modern. This article concentrates on developments in the present century which have greatly expanded our knowledge about the pathophysiology, clinical-laboratory features, and treatment of this disorder.
Dog, (Canis lupus familiaris), domestic mammal of the family Canidae (order Carnivora). It is a subspecies of the gray wolf (Canis lupus) and is related to foxes and timberdesignmag.com dog is one of the two most ubiquitous and most popular domestic animals in the world (the cat is the other).
For more than 12, years it has lived with humans as a hunting companion, protector, object of scorn or.