Increasing charities are a sign of fundamental, structural flaws. Simplistic Ideology; Rhetoric versus Reality Free trade and free markets are essentially about making trade easier by allowing the market to balance needs, supply and demand.
In particular the neoliberal brand associated with folks like the Clintons, is seen as costing jobs, depressing wages and shredding the safety net.
Neoliberalism — austerity, privatization, free trade, deregulation, and budget cuts — have in large measure guided economic policy in the advanced capitalist countries for decades. Keynesianism, named after the British economist John Maynard Keynes, holds that increased government spending on jobs and infrastructure and lower taxes, increases demand and stimulates the economy.
Post-war shrinking profit rates, economic sluggishness and government deficits prompted the neoliberal critique. Instead of spending on health care, education and other social programs, the neoliberals proposed cutting corporate taxes, and eliminating government programs or privatizing them.
In its pure form, the doctrine draws inspiration and practice more from the Republican right than old school Democratic economic orthodoxy. On the Democratic side, even before Reagan, Jimmy Carter took a turn with austerity by cutting the federal housing budget.
Today acceptance of tenets of the neoliberal narrative are everywhere even if few will call themselves a neoliberal. It is important to point out that these policies did not occur in a vacuum.
They emerged out the real circumstances of the times — the arms race and the corresponding huge expansion of military spending and pressures on national budgets are cases in point. But more importantly, deep systemic crises of the capitalist system underlay the neo-liberal cures: At the same time, the edifice of the New Deal and Civil Rights gains of the s were attacked.
This period also marked the beginnings of the successful effort to redistribute wealth upwards by means of tax policy and budget cuts. At the same time, down below trends in the opposite direction began to make themselves felt.
Pro-labor, pro-peace, and anti-racist majorities began to appear in reaction to the challenges presented by both Republican and Democratic administrations. Huge democratic shifts in public opinion began to develop on issues relating to race, gender, LGBTQ rights, immigration, and other important social issues.
To what degree were neoliberal policies responsible for these opposing trends? Life is exceedingly complex and growing increasingly so with myriad factors coming into play.
Take racism for example. The neoliberals were not of one mind: In this milieu, complex and contradictory trends were emerging. On the hand, frontal attacks on labor, hyper segregation, gentrification, broken window policing, mass incarceration; on the other, huge shifts in demographics and in the workforce as the shift to a service economy deepened.
Add to these the developments in the cultural and social arena; the impact of Hip Hop culture, sports, and in the last quarter century the growth of the internet and social networks.
Last but not least are changes in the political arena, such as the election of thousands of black and Latino public officials — many in majority white districts. Real and imagined Notwithstanding these contradictory trends some like Chris Hedges and our Facebook comrades, lay blame for the increasing racism and xenophobia that is fueling fascist thinking squarely at the feet of centrist neoliberals like the Clintons.
Now they are being made to pay. They have risen up to reject the neoliberal policies and political correctness imposed on them by college-educated elites from both political parties: Lower-class whites are embracing an American fascism.
This has led Hedges and others to accuse them of providing a cover for right-wing policies, a charge that cannot be wholly dismissed.
Rudra P. Pradhan’s, “Globalization in India: With Special Reference to the s,” discusses that his studies have shown that Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has helped boost India’s economy. This increase in FDI can only be possible because of India’s new neoliberal economic policies. The modern development of globalization and neoliberalism are closely intertwined. Neoliberalism developed as an alliance of theories and interest groups centered around cultural conservatism and economic liberalism under the governments of Margaret Thatcher in England, Ronald Reagan in the United States, and Brian Mulroney in . Globalization and the Production of Difference: A Case Study of the Neoliberal Production of Hindu Nationalism in India Ipsita Chatterjee Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Volume
Still, the judgement seems misplaced. The fiercest attacks on jobs and living standards that Hedges is properly concerned with are coming from the Chamber of Commerce and the GOP right.
In addition, Hedges description of the working-class white reaction to these policies is also dubious. This is not to say that Trump is without hardcore support among some working-class white elements. A survey carried out by Working America estimates that this involves approximately one-third of white working-class voters in swing states.
This is important because historically the mass base of fascism has not been among the working class per se, but among lower middle class and professional elements who in times of crisis are pushed into its ranks.
This is significant because above all else fascism, while a mass movement, when fully developed represents a form of capitalist rule. It is a type of government, in a word, a dictatorship.
In this regard, Georgi Dimitrov, a leader of the international Communist movement during the s, warned against treating fascism as a movement of the petit bourgeoisie, i. Does it arise from the employment of and reaction to a policy — in this case neoliberalism — or does it come from somewhere else?
Consider first of all that monopoly capitalism — imperialism — is inherently conservative and reactionary. Because notwithstanding all of the powerful countercurrents in the opposite direction arising out of the process of production, and the creative innovation and scientific genius they entail, the system must preserve and justify itself and bind citizens to its imperatives.
And this involves old appeals to race, nation, gender, God and country. And it must do so in the midst of ongoing crises: And the impulse towards fascism occurs just when these crises become most severe. Historically, this happens often, but not always, when a movement arises to challenge the system itself, as in the case of Germany in the early s.Request PDF on ResearchGate | Hegemony, Globalisation, and Neoliberalism: The case of West Bengal, India | The intensification of globalisation has marked the ascendancy of neoliberal paradigms in.
Globalization and Neoliberalism: The Caribbean Context [Thomas Klak] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. How do recent trends toward globalization affect the Caribbean, a region whose suppliers, production, markets.
Globalization and Neoliberalism in India Third Preliminary Paper: In Balance Every day the world’s poorer nations are growing into economic powerhouses. The major hegemonies are influencing third world countries through globalization and neoliberalism.
The modern development of globalization and neoliberalism are closely intertwined. Neoliberalism developed as an alliance of theories and interest groups centered around cultural conservatism and economic liberalism under the governments of Margaret Thatcher in England, Ronald Reagan in the United States, and Brian Mulroney in .
Rudra P. Pradhan’s, “Globalization in India: With Special Reference to the s,” discusses that his studies have shown that Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has helped boost India’s economy. This increase in FDI can only be possible because of India’s new neoliberal economic policies.
The existence of the welfare state in India in this very era of neoliberal globalisation defies the established views on neoliberalism.
International Policy Digest. About Us; Neoliberalism and the Welfare State: The Case of Contemporary India.