Wolf numbers are now vastly reduced in these areas for a number of reasons: Reduction of wild habitat which influences prey density and availability Government policies in the last century to extirpate wolves hunt them to extinction Current wolf conservation policies that vary from state to state Wolves seen as competition to humans wolf predation on ranches and farms Lack of accurate scientific knowledge about wolves, creating fear and misunderstanding Currently, wild wolf populations representing two distinct species of wolf are found in North America, Europe, Asia and Africa — the gray wolf Canis lupusand the red wolf Canis rufus. Explore this section for details on wolf populations around the world.
Life in the Arctic Tundra Take your students on an imaginary expedition to the Arctic with these nine activities. Grades From Getting Started Before you begin your Arctic studies, set up a wintry reading display of tundra-themed books.
Add laminated articles or photos from magazines such as National Geographic Kids and Science World, and props such as toy animals, furry earmuffs, mittens, ski goggles, maps, and a globe. Invite students to record their questions and discoveries in "Arctic Field Journals" decorated with their own drawings of tundra animals.
Camouflage Coats Many tundra animals such as foxes, hares, wolves, and polar bears and tundra birds such as snowy owls and terns grow white outer fur or white feathers to help camouflage them on the snow-covered winter landscape.
To help students understand how camouflage works, add a tundra ecosystem model to your Arctic reading center. Fill up a plastic toy swimming pool with white quilt batting, white paper strips, and crumpled white tissue paper. Have students brainstorm additional materials that they can arrange to resemble the snowy tundra.
Then invite them to add photographs, drawings, clay models, and stuffed versions of some of the tundra's permanent animal and bird residents. Once these are all in place, ask students to step back to view the tundra scene they've created.
Does the snowy landscape help or hinder their ability to spot the creatures? Both live in groups either packs or kitsand have an important part to play in the Arctic ecosystem.
But wolves are much larger and hunt large mammals, such as caribou. Invite students to form two teams, the Arctic Wolves and the Arctic Foxes.
Encourage them to find out how their chosen animal lives and survives. What are its habits, life cycle, and adaptations to the harsh cold? What is the sound of its call? As each team presents their new knowledge to the class, have students create Venn diagrams labeled "wolves," "foxes," "both" with words or illustrations.
Teams can use the diagrams to write collaborative books on their animals, complete with team logos. The animals shed this extra layer each spring, when temperatures rise and the extra layer is no longer needed.
To demonstrate how extra fur benefits animals, fill the bottom of a cooler or tank with ice. Invite students to take turns putting on a pair of cotton garden gloves, which represent a single coat of fur. On one hand, slide a large leather glove over the cotton glove to represent an animal's additional coat of fur.
Then have the student hold both hands above the ice for a minute or two. Which hand stays the warmest? Give each student a chance to try this experiment. Shallow Roots in the Soil Only the top few inches of tundra soil thaw in the summer because the ground beneath it is permafrost.
Since roots can't penetrate or thrive in frozen soil, they grow horizontally instead of vertically. This is a key reason why tundra trees' short-shallow roots don't anchor tall trees very well! Invite students to try growing their own plants with shallow roots.
Have small groups of students each put an inch of soil in a clear container and add fast-growing seeds. As students care for the plants, ask them to observe how long the seedlings thrive in shallow soil, which way the roots grow, and whether or not the plants sprout.
Willows in the Arctic Wind Tundra willow trees grow to only about 6" tall and hug the ground to escape the fierce Arctic winds, which would topple taller trees. In the winter, snow blankets these little trees and protects them from sharp tundra ice crystals.
Invite students to create models to demonstrate the effect of wind on trees of different sizes. Have them twist two pipe cleaners together to create a tree trunk, leaving about 1" loose at one end to represent the roots.
Have them attach and shape pipe-cleaner branches that extend in several directions. Then ask students to shape another pair of pipe cleaners into a tiny, short tree with long, low limbs and roots.The Alaskan malamute is a Nordic sled dog descended from the Arctic wolf.
Its name comes from Mahlemuts, an Alaskan tribe that would raise and cared for them. (terrificpets) to years ago the Eskimos of Alaska highly valued the dogs as they were their only form of transportation. The Arctic is a fragile yet harsh environment. The Arctic is a fragile yet challenging environment.
This vast landscape contains five ecological regions: from the southern boundaries of the boreal forest to the forest-tundra transition of the Brooks Range northward to the alpine tundra and then along the coast to the coastal plain tundra, salt marshes, lagoons and Arctic beaches.
The gray wolf can be many colors black, white,gray and brown and red.
The gray wolf male can be heavier and taller than the females. The gray wolf can run up to 35 m.p.h, and can jump up to 12 feet. Located. T he A rctic H are is located in extreme northern Canada a nd various parts of Greenland..
Diet. T he A rctic Hare's diet consists of buds, berries, twigs, mosses, woody plants and other types of vegetation that can be found in the tundra.. Habitat. A rctic Hares can be found in various tundra areas of Greenland and northern Canada.
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