Thomas Jefferson, Third U. President Jefferson is a central figure in early American history, highly praised for his political leadership, but also criticized for the role of slavery in his private life. He championed equality, democracy and republicanism, attacking aristocratic and monarchistic tendencies. He was a leader in American independence, advocated religious freedom and tolerance, and opposed the centralizing tendencies of the urban financial elite.
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Click here to Sponsor the page and how to reserve your ad. April 3, - The Pony Express begins. Overland mail between Sacramento, California and St. Service ended on October 24, The mural represents frontier settlement.
November 6, - Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln, running on an anti-slavery platform, defeats three opponents in the campaign for the presidency; Democrats Stephen A. Douglas and John C. Breckinridge, and John Bell, Constitutional Union Party, leading to ardent cries of potential rebellion in southern slave states.
Although Lincoln won the Electoral College by a large majority, to for all other candidates, the popular vote showed just how split the nation was. December 20, - South Carolina responds to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President by being the first southern state to secede from the Union.
Four days later, with Jefferson Davis as president, seven southern states officially set up the C. Army commander failed to evacuate, thus starting the four years of conflict and the U.
The Confederate States of America, formed two months earlier had sought to force federal troops from occupation of its territory. More April 15, - President Lincoln calls for 75, volunteers to fight the secessionist activities in the Confederated States of America, which rose to eleven southern states in secession by May.
Led by generals such as Stonewall Jackson, the overwhelming defeat by the Confederate forces of the Union, seen by onlookers who viewed the battle as nothing more than an exercise that would be easily won, showed vibrant indication that the Civil War would not be over quickly or without much cost.
April 7, - The Army of the Tennessee, under General Grant, repulses the Confederate advance of the day earlier at the Battle of ShilohTennessee, one of the largest battles of the western theatre in the U. This battle, along with the unconditional surrender of Fort Donelson to General Grant on February 16, signaled the first major successes of the Union army in the west.
More May 20, - The Homestead Act is approved, granting family farms of acres 65 hectares to settlers, many of which were carved from Indian territories. Two months later, on July 7, the Land Grant Act was approved, which called for public land sale to fund agricultural education.
This act eventually led to the establishment of the state university systems. September 17, - Emboldened by the victory at 2nd Manassas at the end of August, Confederate troops began the 1st invasion of Northern territory.
Begun with a skirmish the night before north of Sharpsburg, Maryland, the day of September 17 along Antietam Creek burns bright as the bloodiest day of the Civil War.
Along the Bloody Lane of the Sunken Road, around the Dunker Church, on the bluffs above Burnside Bridge, and in the ripped stalks of the cornfield, Union and Confederate troops fell in astounding numbers.
More September 22, - President Abraham Lincoln, fresh on the heals of the Antietam victory, issues the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, stating that all slaves in places of rebellion against the Federal Government would be free as of January 1, December 11, - General Ambrose Burnside begins the Battle of Fredericksburg when Union troops cross the Rappahannock River on pontoons, leading two days later to an ignominious and one-sided defeat by General Robert E.
It was the largest mass execution in U. The Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect. With over 51, dead, wounded, or missing, the Battle of Gettysburg, on the farm fields of central Pennsylvania, proved to be the "high water mark of the Confederacy" and the last major push of Confederate forces into Union territory.
Gettysburg remains a tribute of remarkable proportion to the men who fought and died on its fields, containing a reverence to the battle that played a major part in retaining the character of the United States of America. The Vicksburg campaign included major battles from May 19, including the sinking of gunboats on the Mississippi River by Confederate defenders.
Even though it would take nearly two more years for the Confederate States of America to be defeated, these nearly simultaneous Union victories turned out to be the apex of the separatists.
More July- The New York draft riots kill about 1, people.The major American aspiration during the s through the s was westward expansion. Americans looked to the western lands as an opportunity for large amounts of free land, for growth of industry, and manifest destiny.
The steady expansion and rapid population growth of the United States after contrasted sharply with static European societies, as visitors described the rough, sometimes violent, but on the whole hugely optimistic and forward-looking attitude of most Americans.
Timeline of United States history (–) Timeline of United States. The United States expansionism was present since it became an independent nation itself. Manifest Destiny, which is the doctrine that the United States had the right and duty to expand throughout the North American continent played a major role in expansionism of the mid ’s.
Essay: United States Expansionism: s- s The major American aspiration during the s through the s was westward expansion. Americans looked to the western lands as an opportunity for large amounts of free land, for growth of industry, and manifest destiny.
Essay about United States Expansionism: s- s Words | 5 Pages The major American aspiration during the s through the s was westward expansion. Pre-Revolution Timeline - The s. The war with Britain was over, for now, and it was time for the United States to build its insitutions, of democracy, of the frontier, of its military.