But, as any social scientist of any reputation will state, all international conflicts have more than one side, and usually are the result of events surrounding, and extending over the parties involved.
From tothe territory had been claimed by King Hussein of Jordan, who opposed Palestinian independence. This prosperity was limited by several important constraints that undermined Palestinian autonomy. Although per capita revenue increased dramatically in the West Bank, much of this income came from Arabs working in Israel, a phenomenon that has continued to date.
West Bank Arab laborers were required to leave Israel each night.
They paid Israeli income taxes and received social security, but not medical benefits. Most Arab labor was unskilled. West Bank farmers were permitted to export their crops to Jordan, but they also had to compete with Israeli agriculture on uneven terms.
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict, or Arab-Israeli conflict, or whatever name it goes by, is perhaps one of the more sensitive issues that is discussed. IDPs: , (includes persons displaced within the Gaza Strip due to the intensification of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict since June and other Palestinian IDPs in the Gaza Strip and West Bank who fled as long ago as , although confirmed cumulative data do not go back beyond ) (). In the introduction to the At the end of the Six-Day War, Israel had captured, among other territories, the Gaza Strip from Egypt and the West Bank from Jordan (including East Jerusalem). "A Brief History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict" by Jeremy Pressman; External links.
Certain West Bank crops were banned or limited in Israel in order not to compete with Israeli agriculture, and tariffs were imposed on West Bank imports. Conversely, the state-subsidized Israeli farmers could export to the West Bank without tariffs and easily undersell local farmers.
West Bank Arabs were forbidden to import goods from other countries, guaranteeing an Israeli monopoly. These unfair trade practices, combined with the loss of labor to Israel, led to a decline in West Bank agriculture and dependence on Israeli goods.
Arab fortunes took a turn for the worse when the Likud party took power inwith the ultranationalist and former terrorist Menachem Begin installed as prime minister.
Begin advocated retaining the West Bank permanently, and took steps to promote the growth of Israeli settlements. The practice of settling near Arab communities in order to encircle or drive out the Arabs had already been started by the Labor party, but Likud escalated this policy substantially.
With Ariel Sharon as minister of agriculture, Arab lands were expropriated with minimal legal pretext, and Jewish settlements grew rapidly, with heavily subsidized utilities and public works. The Palestinian question was again brought before the UN, not in terms of a peace settlement between existing nations, but as a demand for the Palestinian right of national self-determination.
Diplomatic recognition of the PLO did not entail approval of its rejectionist goals and terrorist tactics, but simply acknowledged that there was no other organization that could speak on behalf of the Palestinian people. President Gerald Ford promoted Israeli negotiations with Arab nations instead of the PLO, resulting in the Sinai II agreement ofbut Middle East diplomacy was effectively suspended during the election year of He aggressively expanded Israeli settlements into Arab territories, displacing Arabs on the slightest pretext.
Carter focused instead on a bilateral peace agreement between Egypt and Israel. This was no small task, due to Begin's attempts to establish de facto Israeli dominion over oil fields, air bases, and settlements in the Sinai.
Ultimately, Begin was willing to sacrifice the Sinai in exchange for what he considered guaranteed dominion of the West Bank. The agreement on the parameters of West Bank autonomy negotiated at Camp David in September omitted any reference to Resolution Thus the process of Israeli annexation of the West Bank continued unabated, while the other Camp David accord established peace with Egypt in exchange for Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai, completed in stages by Despite this partial success, the Camp David accords were rejected by most of the Arab world, since it seemed that Sadat had sold the cause of Palestinian autonomy in exchange for the territory of Sinai.
Egypt was expelled from the Arab League for accepting these peace terms with Israel in Expansion of Israeli West Bank Settlements Begin and Sharon antagonized the Palestinians through their policy of systematically confiscating Arab land in the West Bank and transferring it to Jewish settlers.
At first, this was done by claiming private land for military purposes or allowing Jewish settlers to unilaterally seize land. When this practice was criticized, Sharon turned to public lands in the West Bank to be used for Jewish settlement.
Inhe began to claim vast tracts of Arab land as state-owned, giving only three weeks for the owners to prove their claim before a military tribunal.
After his re-election in JuneBegin decided to resolve the question of Palestinian autonomy on his own, since Anwar Sadat was assassinated in October, and the new president Hosni Mubarak would not make concessions on Palestine until the Sinai withdrawal was complete.
In November, Begin established a civilian administration over the West Bank, which was still answerable to the Israeli military. Palestinian autonomy would be expressed through leagues of village officials who accepted Israeli policy. This attempted vassalage provoked widespread Palestinian protest, resulting in brutal repression.
A partial list includes: The PLO in Lebanon Banished from Jordan after the Jordanian civil war ofthe PLO leadership established itself in Lebanon, where there was already a substantial Palestinian population, mainly concentrated in refugee camps in the south.
The situation was complicated by Syrian support of the more radical PLO groups and Israeli support of Maronite Catholic paramilitary groups.May 30, · Watch video · The Arab-Israeli War involved Israel and five Arab nations—Jordan, Iraq, Syria, Egypt and Lebanon.
This conflict marked the beginning of years of violent conflict between Arabs and Israelis. Egypt-Israeli Conflict and the West The History of the conflict in the Middle East is long and well documented.
To both, and to many biased observers the history of the Egyptian/Israeli conflict is very one sided, with one government, or one people causing the continued wars between the two.
Arab-Palestinian-Israeli Conflict Introduction Ever since Great Britain, during the early 20th century, promised the Jews a “national home” in Palestine, even though the overwhelming majority of the existing population consisted of non-Jews (Palestinians), the seeds for an ongoing conflict have been sown.
Egypt was expelled from the Arab League for accepting these peace terms with Israel in [Top of page] Expansion of Israeli West Bank Settlements. Begin and Sharon antagonized the Palestinians through their policy of systematically confiscating Arab land .
Book Description: Mark Tessler's highly praised, comprehensive, and balanced history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict from the earliest times to the present-updated through the first years of the 21st century-provides a constructive framework for understanding recent developments and assessing the prospects for future peace.
Jan 20, · The conflict is really only years old. Subscribe to our channel! timberdesignmag.com Read more about the Israel-Palestine conflict at: timberdesignmag.com